Daniela Amoroso 建築師 – Corte San Pietro Hotel 岩穴旅館 蔓延在石洞間之旅宿空間

位於義大利南部巴西利卡塔大區,馬泰拉(Matera)是世界最古老的城市之一,可以見到從舊石器時代就形成了 人類聚落的痕跡,位於馬泰拉原本都市核心的 Sassi 地區(Sassi 是「石頭」,Sassi di Matera 意即「馬泰拉之石」)遍布了天然洞穴和石造屋舍,彎曲的小路和建築表面石材都是泛黃石灰岩,聯合國教科文組織在1993年將它列入世界文化遺產,這些天然 洞穴歷經數千年在人類的開拓下,逐漸形成了街道、巷弄、內庭與居住空間的複雜網絡蔓延,祖先們在岩石之間還開創了許多機能,像是防禦用的城牆、塔樓、倉 庫、酒窖、儲水槽等。2004 年上映的電影「受難記-最後的激情(The Passion of the Christ)」由梅爾吉勃遜導演,曾在 此地取景,電影播出後吸引了更多觀光客到訪,許多 Sassi 洞窟改裝成旅館和餐廳,在政府與民間的共同努力下,人們搬回到洞窟,使整個地區添加更多活力。


↗ 義大利岩石之城 Sassi – Photo 01 (Photography by Hajotthu)


↗ 義大利岩石之城 Sassi – Photo 02 (Photography by Hajotthu)

在 Sassi 的心臟地帶,一處其歷史可追溯至十七世紀的荒廢洞穴構造與其所環繞的內部庭院,經過建築師 Daniela Amoroso 的改造,搖身一變成為供人住宿的「Corte San Pietro Hotel」飯店空間。

將 原本廢棄結構物內的雜物與無用的牆面、鋪面清除後,重現古人在石灰岩內開鑿出的空間與碳酸鈣沉積而形成的鈣華本質,面對歷史性的建築場景,設計者與其本質 對話,試著創造一種純粹性,就像是比利時設計師 Axel Vervoordt 於2011年出版《Axel Vervoordt: Wabi Inspirations》書中談論的「Wabi-Sabi(陀寂之美)」,或者更往前探索谷崎潤一郎在《陰翳禮讚》內文闡明「所謂的美往往由實際生活中 發展而成,我們的祖先不得已住在陰暗的房間裡,曾幾何時,竟由陰翳中發現了美,最後更為了美感,進而利用了陰翳。」


↗ Daniela Amoroso 建築師 – Corte San Pietro Hotel 岩穴旅館 – Photo 01 – 內部庭院

從 位於 Via Bruno Buozzi 的入口,遊客先進入一間優雅小屋接受親切招待,然後才會進入旅館的私人庭院,夜間,庭院裡以蠟燭照明,形成溫暖而舒適的保護空間,前人的居所現在變成精緻 的客房,從房間內往下俯視可清楚看到以原始石材「Chiancarelle」鋪設而成的內部庭院空間,歸功修復過程的準確與細緻,雖然工程時間相當漫長, 卻帶來極致的空間質感。

Corte San Pietro Hotel 具有歷史感的場所不會給人死寂的恐懼感,而是形成一種極具吸引力的辨識性,卻又能和諧地與舒適性及精緻典雅的設計彼此融合。

散置於庭院周遭的客房都採用嚴謹的色調控制其氛圍,從石頭的米白色到木材的棕色和鋼材鏽蝕的顏色,以栗褐色為主角,土壤、石材舖面以及岩石的天然色,遍布內部空間的牆壁、天花板和息坐之處,對於空間色彩之要求,宛如用色票挑選過那樣的精準。


↗ Daniela Amoroso 建築師 – Corte San Pietro Hotel 岩穴旅館 – Photo 17 – Grand Suite 房間內

設計團隊不斷尋求房間設計和周遭景觀之間的關連性,為每個房間搭配了不同比例的當地石材、木頭與鐵件,組合成迷人的設計風格,即便是很普通的元素與在地風格結合後,也會變得活潑而具現代感。

住 房者穿越門口以手工編織的亞麻遮簾,進入各自房間的第一個區塊,用於坐下、放鬆的轉換空間,之後才是進入完全私秘的居住區域,從岩石間開鑿出的居室從上方 開口引進天光,每當光束穿越那些岩石間的縫隙照亮內部岩面時,就像溪流沖刷般的暢快舒適;走過拱門來到浴室,會驚喜地發現石造浴缸隱藏在拱形空間與壁龕之 間,清透的玻璃淋浴間讓人忍不住很想先來個簡單的沖澡,岩穴內散發著一種親密而舒適的氣息。


↗ Daniela Amoroso 建築師 – Corte San Pietro Hotel 岩穴旅館 – Photo 12 – Deluxe Loft 房間內的浴室

室內設計採用了大量的老物件,像是經過修復的舊傢俱和傳統金屬構件,每個房間內藉由不同的裝飾元素完美地呈現自然與歷史氣氛,上百年的板栗木板凳改造成門片、書架或桌子,舊木椅即便椅面不堪使用,其框架又變成毛巾架,而原木做成凳子或床頭櫃。

延 續古老的空間架構系統,整個旅館以水平狀態在庭院周遭分布著其空間,各個房間與接待廳、早餐室之間在高程有些微的變化,在旅館下方的地底隱藏著八座鐘形蓄 水池,是以前在此生活者將收集到的雨水集中之處,可說是一種古老的「綠建築」手法,雨水沿著屋簷而下,經過排水管和溝渠流進供應居住區域用水的蓄水池;人 們可以從狹窄的內部通道進入到蓄水池,先經過一個洞窟沈靜下來,開始適應黑暗後,來到祖先們開拓生活疆域時所遺留的智慧結晶,將體會到生命是如何與土地彼 此強烈牽動著。

>>相關討論
::Daniela Amoroso 建築師 – Corte San Pietro Hotel 岩穴旅館 蔓延在石洞間之旅宿空間::

>>相關資訊
設計案名稱:Corte San Pietro Hotel 岩穴旅館
設計案位置:: Via Bruno Buozzi, 97, 75100 Matera, Italy 義大利
建築師:Daniela Amoroso
承包商: Sio Ristrutturazioni of Silvio Olivieri
總樓地板面積:500 平方米
完成: 2012年
攝影: PierMario Ruggeri

>>相關圖片

 

Daniela Amoroso – Corte San Pietro Hotel – Photo 01 – Courtyard – Photography by PierMario Ruggeri
 

Daniela Amoroso – Corte San Pietro Hotel – Photo 02 – Courtyard – Photography by PierMario Ruggeri
 

Daniela Amoroso – Corte San Pietro Hotel – Photo 03 – Courtyard – Photography by PierMario Ruggeri
 

Daniela Amoroso – Corte San Pietro Hotel – Photo 04 – Courtyard – Photography by PierMario Ruggeri
 

Daniela Amoroso – Corte San Pietro Hotel – Photo 05 – Living Room – Photography by PierMario Ruggeri
Daniela Amoroso – Corte San Pietro Hotel – Photo 06 – Living Room – Photography by PierMario Ruggeri
 

Daniela Amoroso – Corte San Pietro Hotel – Photo 07 – Living Room – Photography by PierMario Ruggeri
 

Daniela Amoroso – Corte San Pietro Hotel – Photo 08 – Superior Room – Photography by PierMario Ruggeri
 

Daniela Amoroso – Corte San Pietro Hotel – Photo 09 – Superior Room – Photography by PierMario Ruggeri
 

Daniela Amoroso – Corte San Pietro Hotel – Photo 10 – Superior Room – Photography by PierMario Ruggeri
 

Daniela Amoroso – Corte San Pietro Hotel – Photo 11 – Superior Room – Photography by PierMario Ruggeri
 

Daniela Amoroso – Corte San Pietro Hotel – Photo 12 – Deluxe Loft – Photography by PierMario Ruggeri
 

Daniela Amoroso – Corte San Pietro Hotel – Photo 13 – Deluxe Loft – Photography by PierMario Ruggeri
 

Daniela Amoroso – Corte San Pietro Hotel – Photo 14 – Deluxe Loft – Photography by PierMario Ruggeri
 

Daniela Amoroso – Corte San Pietro Hotel – Photo 15 – Deluxe Loft – Photography by PierMario Ruggeri
 

Daniela Amoroso – Corte San Pietro Hotel – Photo 16 – Grand Suite – Photography by PierMario Ruggeri
 

Daniela Amoroso – Corte San Pietro Hotel – Photo 17 – Grand Suite – Photography by PierMario Ruggeri
 

Daniela Amoroso – Corte San Pietro Hotel – Photo 18 – Grand Suite – Photography by PierMario Ruggeri
 

Daniela Amoroso – Corte San Pietro Hotel – Photo 19 – Grand Suite – Photography by PierMario Ruggeri
 

Daniela Amoroso – Corte San Pietro Hotel – Photo 20 – Grand Suite – Photography by PierMario Ruggeri
 

Daniela Amoroso – Corte San Pietro Hotel – Photo 21 – Grand Suite – Photography by PierMario Ruggeri
 

Daniela Amoroso – Corte San Pietro Hotel – Photo 22 – Grand Suite – Photography by PierMario Ruggeri
 

Daniela Amoroso – Corte San Pietro Hotel – Photo 23 – Suite della Scala – Photography by PierMario Ruggeri
 

Daniela Amoroso – Corte San Pietro Hotel – Photo 24 – Suite della Scala – Photography by PierMario Ruggeri
 

Daniela Amoroso – Corte San Pietro Hotel – Photo 25 – Suite della Scala – Photography by PierMario Ruggeri
 

Daniela Amoroso – Corte San Pietro Hotel – Photo 26 – Suite Relax Cromoterapia – Photography by PierMario Ruggeri
 

Daniela Amoroso – Corte San Pietro Hotel – Photo 27 – Suite Relax Cromoterapia – Photography by PierMario Ruggeri
 

Daniela Amoroso – Corte San Pietro Hotel – Photo 28 – Suite Relax Cromoterapia – Photography by PierMario Ruggeri
 

Daniela Amoroso – Corte San Pietro Hotel – Photo 29 – Suite Relax Cromoterapia – Photography by PierMario Ruggeri
 

Daniela Amoroso – Corte San Pietro Hotel – Photo 30 – Suite Relax Cromoterapia – Photography by PierMario Ruggeri
 

Daniela Amoroso – Corte San Pietro Hotel – Photo 31 – Suite Relax Cromoterapia – Photography by PierMario Ruggeri
 

Daniela Amoroso – Corte San Pietro Hotel – Photo 32 – Suite Relax Cromoterapia – Photography by PierMario Ruggeri
 

Daniela Amoroso – Corte San Pietro Hotel – Photo 33 – Suite Relax Cromoterapia – Photography by PierMario Ruggeri
 

Daniela Amoroso – Corte San Pietro Hotel – Photo 34 – Suite Relax Cromoterapia – Photography by PierMario Ruggeri
 

Daniela Amoroso – Corte San Pietro Hotel – Photo 35 – Suite Relax Cromoterapia – Photography by PierMario Ruggeri
 

Daniela Amoroso – Corte San Pietro Hotel – Photo 36 – Suite Relax Cromoterapia – Photography by PierMario Ruggeri
 

Daniela Amoroso – Corte San Pietro Hotel – Photo 37 – Suite Relax Cromoterapia – Photography by PierMario Ruggeri
 

Daniela Amoroso – Corte San Pietro Hotel – Drawings 01 – Site Plan 基地平面圖
 

Daniela Amoroso – Corte San Pietro Hotel – Drawings 02 – Section AA 剖面圖
 

Daniela Amoroso – Corte San Pietro Hotel – Drawings 03 – Section BB 剖面圖
 

Daniela Amoroso – Corte San Pietro Hotel – Drawings 04- Section CC 剖面圖
Daniela Amoroso – Corte San Pietro Hotel – Drawings 05 – Section DD 剖面圖

One comment

  1. 好棒的旅館,很想去住住看

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